In 1938, the leadership of the US armed forces has decided to hold a tender for the production and design of cars with high cross to replace the outdated motorcycles with sidecars. The most successful idea was proposed by American Bantam company engineer Karl Probst at summer of 1940. His project was a frugal car - Bantam BRC with open body and payload in a quarter of a ton. Subsequently, the army officers insisted on completion of this project by companies Willys-Overland and Ford, with followed manufacturing. The model in the war years was released with a circulation of 650 thousand copies and was well received by the soldiers of the cross-country and unpretentiousness. According to the most probable version of the common noun "Jeep" comes from the contraction GPW - it was the name of the original model in the production performance of the Ford.